The legend from Inner Mongolia is passed from generation to generation, it explains the origins of the morin khuur instrument.The morin khuur is one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity identified by UNESCO.

The story tells that a white horse killed by an evil khan appeared in his master's dream and was told to make an instrument out of his body. So the first morin khuur was assembled, with horse bones as its neck, horsehair strings, horse skin covering its wooden soundbox, and its scroll carved into the shape of a horse head.

Many stories from Inner Mongolia reach the nowadays in an unadulterated way thanks to the musical accompaniment of the following instruments:

Morin Khuur - a traditional Mongolian bowed stringed instrument. The instrument consists of a wooden-framed sound box to which two strings are attached. The end of the neck is shaped like a horse's head, and the sound is similar to that of a violin or cello. The instrument is played in a sitting position, held between the musician's knees. The larger of the two strings (the "male" string) has 130 hairs from a stallion's tail, while the "female" string has 105 hairs from a mare's tail. The bow is loosely strung with horse hair coated with larch or cedar wood resin. Traditionally, the instrument is played while telling epic poems or stories often performed by shamans. This instrument is used to play polyphonic ringtones. The locals use it to comfort their camels.

Morin Khuur is one of the most important musical instruments for the Mongolian people and is considered a symbol of the Mongolian nation.

Tsuur - end blown flute without mouthpiece, mostly made from light wood, like bamboo, other materials. The tunes played are usually imitations of the sound of water, the animal cries and bird songs heard by the shepherds along the steppes or the mountain slopes of the Altai. In 2009, the instrument was included in the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage in need of urgent protection.

Yatga - a traditional Mongolian plucked zither, related to the Chinese guzheng.The body is a long wooden box, one end of which is angled downward. The performer plucks the strings with the fingernails of the right hand; the left hand is used to put pressure on the strings, varying the note. The strings are made either from silk, horse hair or goose gut.

The instrument was believed to be sacred and the playing of the instrument was regarded as a taboo-related rite. The instrument was mainly used in monasteries, as the strings symbolized the twelve levels of the palace hierarchy.

Khuuchir (Huqin) - Huqin is a family of bowed string instruments, more specifically, a spike fiddle. The khuuchir has a small, cylindrical, square or cup-like resonator made of bamboo, wood or copper, covered with a snake skin and open at the bottom. The neck is inserted in the body of the instrument. It usually has four silk strings, of which the first and the third are accorded in unison, whereas the second and fourth are tuned in the upper fifth. The bow is coated with horsetail hair.