Rituals are actions performed with established rules of sequence and place, the primary purpose of which is to carry the most symbolic meaning. The expression of tradition in this dance form has been used since ancient times to send messages to the divine powers. Ritual dance is the code that reveals ideas that cannot be expressed in ordinary words.

What message do the Romanians, Yakut, Malays and Chinese want to send through their symbolic dance gestures and what are their characteristic rituals of movement?

An ancient tradition in southern Romania (the Olt River region) is the Căluş ritual. It is performed on Pentecost (fifty days after Easter Sunday) by men called "Călușari"The Căluş ritual features a series of games, skits, songs and dances to the accompaniment of two violins and an accordion. Călușari wear embroidered shirts, colorful hats and have bells on the pants. According to tradition, groups of dancing and chanting Căluşari, who were thought to be endowed with magical healing powers, went from house to house, promising good health and prosperity to villagers. Ritual dance is skillful, virtuoso, subject to special dramaturgy and choreography, especially during ritual healing. The archaic ritual is part of UNESCO's Intangible Heritage List. The custom is defined as the emblem of the Romanian people in the territory between the Carpathians, the Danube and the Black Sea.

Ohuokhai is a ritual Yakut dance that consists of nine circles symbolizing the sun. Dancers form a circle and dance, arm in arm, hand in hand, with the left foot put forward, while making rhythmical, graceful movements with their bodies, legs, feet and arms. A lead singer improvises the lyrics and the other dancers repeat them. Poetic improvisation of the Ohuokhai represents one of the richest and oldest genres of Sakha folklore.

In the past, the Bidayuh ethnic tribe of Sarawak, Malaysia believed that the world was inhabited by both good and evil spirits. According to the traditional beliefs of Malaysians, these spirits are real and they can cause great harm to the villagers and the environment. Locals believed that rhythmic body movements, while in a trance state, could help them get in touch with good spirits. An important element in the ritual dance is the movements of the hands.

In Ordos, Inner Mongolia (China), the wedding ceremony unfolds as a standardized folklore cultural phenomenon in the form of songs and dances that reflect local customs. The wedding ceremony in Ordos involves a series of traditional activities - meeting the groom, combing the bride's hair, getting married, receiving blessings from the mother, offering tea and more. Happiness, luck, love and passion are the themes that run throughout the celebration. Wishes for a happy life are expressed through the ritual dance.

The ceremony has become a means of preserving the most distinctive customs and rituals presenting the wealth of Mongolian cultural values.